National Center for the
Dissemination of Disability Research

Communities of Practice
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Selected Resources on Communities of Practice

Web sites:

Bibliography on communities of practice

produced by CPsquare and com-prac

Communities of Practice

The Web's first site dedicated to communities of practice.

Communities of Practice

on infed, the informal education homepage
© Mark K. Smith. First published January 2003

Communities of Practice Resources

© Fred Nickols 2000


The community of practice on communities of practice.

Etienne Wenger

Communities of practice

Knowledge Board, Your Global Community

European Commission
Interview with Etienne Wenger on Communities of Practice

Online Forum on Communities of Practice

An online space for practitioners' conversations on how to build and support Communities of Practice.


Allee, V. (2000). Knowledge networks and communities of practice. OD Practitioner, 32(4).

NCDDR. (2005). Communities of Practice: A Strategy for Sharing and Building Knowledge. FOCUS: Technical Brief Number 11. Austin, TX: SEDL. Retrieved July 14, 2008 from

Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice: Learning as a social system. The Systems Thinker, 9(5). Retrieved July 14, 2008, from

Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice: Learning, meaning, and identity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Wenger, E. (2004). Knowledge management as a doughnut: Shaping your knowledge strategy through communities of practice. Ivey Business Journal (January/February). Retrieved February 16, 2011, from

Wenger, E., McDermott, R., & Snyder, W. M. (2002). Cultivating communities of practice: A guide to managing knowledge. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Wenger, E., McDermott, R., & Snyder, W. M. (2002). Seven principles for cultivating communities of practice. Harvard Business School Working Knowledge e-mail newsletter (March 25, 2002). Retrieved July 14, 2008, from

Adapted from NCDDR's FOCUS: Technical Brief Number 11 Communities of Practice: A Strategy for Sharing and Building Knowledge

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NCDDR is funded by the
National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR)
Project Number: H133A060028
U.S. Department of Education